[Read Epub] ⚕ The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB ☾ Catalizadores.co

This was a really, really long book that took me an unusually long time to get through It took me 11 days, when I almost always finish even the longest books in under a week I think it took me 4 days to get through Brandon Sanderson s most recent book, Oathbringer The information in it was really interesting I learned an awful lot about the history of the Cold War I think the most interesting stuff was the history of Soviet meddling in US elections and generally the overall American social political system This is a long quote, but an interesting one Simultaneously, the Centre implemented a series of active measure designed to weaken the internal cohesion of the United States and undermine its international reputation by inciting race hatred In 1971 Andropov personally approved the fabrication of pamphlets full of racist insults purporting to come from the extremists Jewish Defense League, headed by Meir Kahane, calling for a campaign against the black mongrels who, it was claimed, were attacking Jews and looting Jewish shops Thirty pamphlets were mailed to a series of militant black groups in the hope of producing mass disorders in New York At the same time forged letters were sent to sixty black organizations giving fictitious details of atrocities committed by the League against blacks and calling for vengeance against Kahane and his chief lieutenants Probably to the Centre s disappointment, Kahane was assassinated some years later, not by a black militant but by an Arab On at least one occasion, the Centre ordered the use of explosives to exacerbate racial tensions in New York On July 25, 1971 the head of the FCD First North American Department, Anatoli Tikhonovich Kireyev, instructed the New York residency to proceed with operation PANDORA the planting of a delayed action explosive package in the Negro section of New York After the explosion, the residency was ordered to make anonymous telephone calls to two or three black organizations, claiming that the explosion was the work of the Jewish Defense League The attempt to stir up racial tensions in the United States remained part of Service A s stock in trade for the remainder of the Cold War Before the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984, for example, Line PR officers in the Washington residency mailed bogus communications from the Ku Klux Klan to the Olympic committees of African and Asian countries Among the racial taunts devised by Service A for inclusion in the mailings was the following THE OLYMPICS FOR THE WHITES ONLY African monkeys A grand reception awaits you in Los Angeles We are preparing for the Olympic game by shooting at black moiving targets.In Los Angeles our own Olympic flames are ready to incinerate you The highest award for a true American patriot would be the lynching of an African monkey.Blacks, Welcome to the Olympic games in Los Angeles We ll give you a reception you ll never forget This and other active measures on the same theme made front page news in many counries When Attorney General William French Smith denounced the letters as KGB forgeries, Moscow predictably feigned righteous indignation at Washington s anti Soviet slanders.I was reading this in March 2017, just a couple of months after Trump s inauguration, and so it was impossible to read it without contrasting to the allegations of collusion with Russia.From what I can tell, Vladmir Putin is a direct ideological descendant of the KGB leaders who tried destabilize and delegitimize American democracy, and it seems entirely likely that the main effort of the Russian interference in the 2016 election was not to bring about Trump s election because they liked to Trump or even necessarily to bring about Trump s election at all Instead, it was simply to weaken and degrade the United States political system.Sadly, it seems to have succeeded to a far greater extent than the clumsy efforts of the 1970s and 1980s could ever have anticipated. This volume 1999 continues and substantially recapitulates Andrew s previous KGB 1991 Like the former, Andrew consulted with a former KGB agent, this time with one who had had long term access to the KGB archives Both books are histories beginning with the overthrow of the Czar in 1917, the former going up to Gorbachev, the latter to Yeltsin Both also discuss the allied intelligence agencies of the Warsaw Pact countries Reading one right after the other I found the repetition helpful in navigating and remembering much of the detail.There being much talk now of the Russians attempting to influence the recent presidential elections it is worth noting two things First, that the U.S.A has interfered with the internal politics of other countries as a matter of course Second, that the U.S.S.R was also in the habit of interfering with presidential elections in the U.S.A However, while the U.S.A has often been successful think of post war France and Italy , the efforts of the U.S.S.R were pretty much confined to helping to fund the Communist Party of America s campaigns, none of which have had much of an effect If indeed our domestic intelligence agencies are correct about the recent Trump vs Clinton contest, this may be the first occasion in which the Russians have had some real influence. [Read Epub] ⚇ The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB ♷ One Of The Biggest Intelligence Coups In Recent Years The TimesFor Years KGB Operative Vasili Mitrokhin Risked His Life Hiding Top Secret Material From Russian Secret Service Archives Beneath His Family Dacha When He Was Exfiltrated To The West He Took With Him What The FBI Called The Most Complete And Extensive Intelligence Ever Received From Any Source This Extraordinary Bestselling Book Is The Result Co Authored In A Brilliant Partnership By Christopher Andrew And The Renegade Soviet Archivist Himself This Is A Truly Global Expos Of Major KGB Penetrations Throughout The Western World The Times This Tale Of Malevolent Spymasters, Intricate Tradecraft And Cold Eyed Betrayal Reads Like A Cold War Novel Time Sensational The Most Informed And Detailed Study Of Soviet Subversive Intrigues Worldwide Spectator The Most Comprehensive Addition To The Subject Ever Published Sunday Telegraph Those poor, hapless KGB agents throwing bombs at Trotsky s grandson and missing , getting drunk and losing their microfilm nickels to Brooklyn newsboys, and falling in love so hard they gave up their contacts to the Canadian Mounties Didn t expect this to be funny, but it was hilarious. Vasili Mitrokhin took a lot of work home with him and not just his took notes, sometimes verbatim, and then smuggled the notes out with him when he defected Ranging from bone chilling and frightening to ridiculous and laughable, this book may not have all the KGB s secrets, but it has a lot of them The KGB could be brutally efficient, but at times its efforts were wildly out of proportion with any sort of rational estimation of the level of threat something presented Paranoia and conspiracy theories will do that to you, and the KGB was nothing if not prone to both.The only caution I would give is not to dive into this without some background in the Cold War which I had from various other readings and some knowledge of the KGB s history which I did not have This is a down in the bushes and weeds book, not a holistic history If you re like me you d appreciate a bit of framework to hang all the events and names and places on to The writing is good The tone of Andrew s writing tracks well the seriousness and absurdity of the events If you ve had a taste of the Cold War and or Russian Soviet history and want something juicier in ways than one , definitely pick this up. Quite recently a colleague told me that he resented a newspaper columnist who had referred to a relative of his as a communist spy My colleague believed his relative had been an innocent victim of McCarthyist red baiting I knew that his relative was no innocent but a high level KGB operative It said so in the Mitrokhin Archive vol I, The Sword and the Shield.One of the tragedies of the Cold War is that many western communist spies, traitors to their own countries and dupes to one of the worst systems humanity has ever known, managed to rebrand themselves as victims of persecution The paradigm for this view is Miller s The Crucible , where for witches one should read spies Except that there were no witches but there sure were spies The Rosenbergs were spies and they did help Stalin put together his nuclear weapons Alger Hiss was a spy And so on and on And as we have known or suspected for a long time, many NGOs such as the World Council of Churches and many political parties and publications were also preferred haunts for KGB agents and contacts in its neverending propaganda war.Volume I of the Mitrokhin files is bulky and a longwinded The writing is what used to be described as workmanlike in that goes to lenghts to avoid rethoric and even elegance It just piles on fact upon fact The facts are fascinating As noted above, many of us knew that the governing and the chattering classes of the West were filled with spies and fellow travelers, but the sheer magnitude of that presence is impressive We also knew that the Soviet leadership often did not manage to make the best possible use of the extraordinary intelligence it managed to acquire remember Sorge s warning about the operation Barbarossa, and how Stalin dismissed him as a stooge to the British The book goes in mind numbing detail on just how often political or personal prejudice stood in the way of taking advantage of the information.As a Latin American I am a much bigger fan of volume II of the files But volume I is a good place to start, and to never let us forget that the Cold War was a real war, that it could have been lost, and what it could have like if that had happened. Vasill Mitrohhin is a hero among historians he had the amazing courage to keep an astonishing amount of data about the relentless spying activities of the soviets from being hidden and deleted.The result is this very detailed book, which shows how the soviets spied on a scale hard to imagine from the start until the collapse of communism and how so many westerners collaborated with them.Once again the reality proves to be fascinating and incredible than fiction. I don t think we fully appreciate yet the revelations that are in this book. plenty of interesting information, but cluttered and unstructured, therefore quickly becoming tiring and boring instead of captivating which potential it did have A very interesting read for those interested in Russian or Cold War history or espionage This book is very thorough, so be prepared for a long read The writing style is consistent, so my flagging interest at the midway point in the book was a result of my general lack of interest of the post Stalin Cold War period The notes secreted away from the archives and published in the West reveal some very important historical facts In a broad context, it is clear that the Soviet system was never able to become a sustainable reality, terror and deception allowed the system to propagate itself That is not to say that there weren t some great achievements in the USSR But inhumanity, impracticality, and the inefficiencies of the system are obvious to anyone who can objectively observe historical facts Only utopians and revisionists believe that it was not the Soviet system and ideology that were flawed, but rather the practical policies of the USSR and particularly the horrors of Stalinism Yet to dismiss the KGB in any of its incarnations as propagandists of a dying state would be too simplistic There are a number of areas that KGB actions did enormous harm to the West, including propagating the belief that the JFK assassination was a plot by American intelligence agencies or that the CIA created the AIDS virus in a lab and intentionally infected blacks These among other operations fuel the conspiracy theory thinking so prevalent with many people today and propagate mistrust in our government and our fellow citizens But these actions are the natural consequence of an agency born of suspicion, by men who lived the shadowy lives of underground revolutionaries I believe the paranoia endemic of the Soviet regime, though partially a natural result of the Russian character, was primarily a result of the revolutionary character That years of clandestine meetings, arrests, informing on friends, exile, and criminal conspiracy created the impetus to use the secret services Cheka, KGB, ect as a primary tool of the state to monitor and protect political doctrine The numerous examples of the great resources that went into discrediting expatriate Soviet artists and writers, who were critical of the USSR, are a perfect example of how diseased the Soviet system was Plotting to maim a defected ballerina is not a sign of strong state or a successful culture.Finally, I think this book is a great companion to our present conflict with Russia Mr Putin was a KGB man and his thinking is much rooted in the culture of the KGB I think a review of this book and the history of KGB operations in it provide a valuable insight into how Russia operates today Before I read this book, I thought reports that the FSB bombed a Russian apartment complex to create a casus belli were the stuff of conspiracy After reading this book, and getting a unique insight into the KGB culture this book provides, I now believe it entirely possible that the FSB was responsible for bombing civilians as a pretext for the Chechen war in an effort to reestablish the greatness of the Russian state by disaffected members of Russia s security services If so, that conspiracy would be entirely in accord with the actions taken by the KGB so often in Soviet history, using cynical and manipulative means to suppress the human spirit.